There are many different types including:
- the centres of our historic towns and cities
- fishing and mining villages
- 18th and 19th-century suburbs
- model housing estates
- country houses set in their historic parks
- historic transport links and their environs, such as stretches of canal
HOW IS A CONSERVATION AREA DESIGNATED?
Most conservation areas are designated by the Council as the local planning authority. English Heritage can designate conservation areas in London, where they have to consult the relevant London Borough Council and obtain the consent of the Secretary of State for National Heritage. The Secretary of State can also designate in exceptional circumstances - usually where the area is of more than local interest.
WHAT DOES DESIGNATION MEAN?
Property Alterations: If you live in or run a business from a property in a conservation area you may need permission from the Council before making alterations such as cladding, inserting windows, installing satellite dishes and solar panels, adding conservatories or other extensions, laying paving or building walls. As the Council can change the types of alterations that need permission by making Article 4 Directions it is advisable to contact the Council before making arrangements to starting any work.
Trees: If you are thinking of cutting down a tree or doing any pruning work you must notify the Council 6 weeks in advance. This is to give the Council time to assess the contribution the tree makes to the character of the conservation area and decide whether to make a Tree Preservation Order.
Demolition or substantial demolition of a building within a conservation area will usually require permission from the Council.